Composing Hidden Information Modules over Inclusive Institutions

Joseph Goguen and Grigore Rosu
Dahl's Festschrift Springer Berlin Heidelberg, Volume 2635, pp 96-123, September 2004
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Abstract. This paper studies the composition of modules that can hide information, over a very general class of logical systems called inclusive institutions. Two semantics are given for composition of such modules using five familiar operations, and a property called conservativity is shown necessary and sufficient for these semantics to agree. The first semantics extracts the visible properties of the result of composing the visible and hidden parts of modules, while the second uses only the visible properties of the components; the semantics agree when the visible consequences of hidden information are enough to determine the result of the composition. A number of laws of software composition are proved relating the composition operations. Inclusive institutions simplify many proofs.