Handling Mixed-Criticality in SoC-based Real-Time Embedded Systems
- Handling Mixed-Criticality in SoC-based Real-Time Embedded Systems
- Rodolfo Pellizzoni, Patrick Meredith, Min-Young Nam, Mu Sun, Marco Caccamo and Lui Sha
- Emsoft'09, ACM, pp 235--244. 2009
- Abstract. System-on-Chip (SoC) is a promising paradigm to implement safety-critical embedded systems, but it poses significant challenges from a design and verification point of view. In particular, in a mixed-criticality system, low criticality applications must be prevented from interfering with high criticality ones. In this paper, we introduce a new design methodology for SoC that provides strong isolation guarantees to applications with different criticalities. A set of certificates describing the assumed application behavior is extracted from a functional Architectural Analysis and Design Language (AADL) specification. Our tools then automatically generate hardware wrappers that enforce at run-time the behavior described by the certificates. In particular, we employ run-time monitoring to formally check all data communication in the system, and we enforce timing reservations for both computation and communication resources. Verification is greatly simplified because certificates are much simpler than the components used to implement low-criticality applications. The effectiveness of our methodology is proven on a case study consisting of a medical pacemaker.